Tree climbing rope setups
If you’re a fan of nature and often wander into the woods, tree climbing is one activity you should try. Tree climbing is relaxing, fun and requires several pieces of equipment to pull off successfully.
Like mountain climbing, there are easy skills that climbers are required to learn, and just about anybody can take up tree climbing and love it. All it requires is patience and training, and you will be climbing trees in no time.
As you learn more about tree climbing, you’ll get to discover that there are so many varieties of equipment you are required to have, but your rope is particularly important. During your training, you will be taught how to use ropes, what knots to use depending on your situation and why ropes are important.
So, if you are thinking of taking up rope climbing, it would be best to go through training and get yourself certified so you enjoy the benefits and thrills of tree climbing while minimising the dangers. Statistics show that no injuries or fatality incident was ever recorded among climbers who use the TCI system. This is proof that with training and the right equipment, you have nothing to worry about when tree climbing. Here are basic rope setups you’d be needing a lot as you start your journey.
Basic Rope Setups for Tree Climbing
When climbing a tree, your safety and most likely life depend on the rope you use and how they have been set up. That is why this piece is so important. By learning the different techniques for setting life-saving tree climbing ropes, you will have the confidence to push to your limits with the assurance that in the worst-case scenario, you are protected. Here are some ropes setting techniques you should know:
Single Rope Technique:
The Single Rope Technique or Static Rope System is a rope setting technique best suited for trees towering up to 300 feet. Using this technique, the tree climber anchors the rope to a strong branch or uses the tree’s base as an anchor. Next, they climb the tree with the other ropes end attached to a mechanical device. This mechanical device is an ascending or descending device to enable climbers to move safely in a direction.
The SRT requires climbers to use their legs efficiently during this process. In other rope techniques like the Double-rope Technique, climbers wouldn’t need their legs as much, making it less strenuous.
SRT is one of the most effective rope system setups when ascending large-diameter hardwoods, conifers, and ornamental trees.
Some of the advantages of using the SRT includes:
- It allows for the quick and effective ascent over long distances
- It requires fewer and lighter equipment’s
- It provides easy access to hardwood and conifers without isolating the tie-in point around a branch or fork.
Disadvantages of using the SRT:
- Installing the ropes correctly for SRT can be difficult
- You also need to find the right anchor point, which can sometimes be a challenge.
Double Rope Technique
Earlier on, we introduced the Double Rope Technique (DRT). This is a more straightforward way to set up a safety rope system for tree climbing. New or beginning climbers should be more familiar with this rope setup system. Not only is it basic and simple to learn, but it is also one of the safest rope techniques for tree climbing.
The DRT involves draping your rope over a branch, then using both ends of your rope in a climbing knot series. This system lets you ascend and descend a tree without difficulty. This system safely holds you in place when you aren’t moving. Using the modified Blake’s hitch or the main knot holds you in place when you’re taking a breath while climbing. Now climbers can stop mid-way to appreciate the beauty of the landscape around them. This gives a calm feeling while you know that you are completely safe, thanks to your ropes and equipment.
Advantages of DRT
- It is easy to set up
- It allows climbers to stop midway to rest
- Climbers can switch between ascent and descent at any point
Disadvantages of DRT
- It requires several pieces of equipment
Tree Climbing Systems Using SRT and DRT
Whether you plan on using SRT or DRT rope methods, you need to know which climbing methods to use on trees. This knowledge, combined with your rope techniques, should be able to protect you when climbing safely. Here are some common climbing methods you should familiarise yourself with:
With this technique, you will be applying the basic principles tree climbers use. While climbing, you should use your hands and foot as your primary contact points. On some occasions, your armpits and knees can also help you hold on or maneuver as you climb. These body parts help support your full body weight. The lanyard around a descent branch anchored to a climbing belt or safety harness is considered to be dual contact points.
While ascending a tree, you should position your tree’s best contact points firmly in place before moving to another point. Always look for sound and secure surfaces like rungs on your ladder, positions on your safety line, live tree limbs, pole steps, and climbing spurs. Always ensure that the three primary points are secure before moving. All these tips may sound like a lot to handle, but as you continue to climb, they quickly become second nature.
It is important to learn not to use a dead branch, bad/weak live branch, or branch stub for support. You should also avoid anchoring both your legs and hands on the same live branch, especially if it’s smaller than 3 inches in diameter.
Utilising the Hitch Climber
The hitch climber should be a term you’ve heard a couple of times. It is a popular pulley that helps you organise a hitch system. On this pulley, you will see three holes that streamline the system and create room for additional tie-in usages for more advanced climbers using advanced setups. You can easily get the complete package of the pulley, carabiners, and hitch cord in a single purchase. The hitch climbers are important because they help you organise carabiners while reducing instances where you would have suffered cross-loading or poor positioning.
The third space also accommodates a third rope for more advanced climbers. Or you can use it to position another rope system and tidy up your system. The climber enjoys using the pulley under the friction hitch because it lets them take the rope coming through the bottom of the pulley and pull it upwards. The pulley then pushes the friction hitch upwards. This is convenient because the climber can do this with one hand. With an easy transition setup from a limb walk, tree climbers don’t mind learning this system.
Four Inch Tie-in System
Here, you will need a four-inch tie and a belayed rope system which will be used when climbing or walking over the four-inch bole tree. This system is similar to the long lanyard rope system with the addition of a friction hitch adjuster and the rope setup.
The four-inch tie-in setup is a time-consuming setup and takedown, which limits the speed at which a climber can come down in case of an emergency. The rigorous requirements of this system also contribute to why it isn’t very famous among climbers. To successfully pull off this setup, you will have to do the following:
- You should secure this rope system to the trunk of the tree or below the four-inch bole diameter.
- Only dynamic ropes should be used for this system. For this setup, static ropes aren’t ideal as they create high impact force on the climber and anchor points.
- Ensure you use equipment that can carry at least 5,400 pounds before breaking.
- Above the four-inch bole diameter, install protection or have a rigging point at every three feet along the trunk. In case of an emergency, these rigged points break the fall until around six feet, where you only suffer minor injuries at most.
Rope Throwing Bundle
This is a technique that allows a climber to install their rope above a low limb. Doing this is helpful when a climber is trying to begin a straightforward ascent using a rope and lanyard. In this system, you can clip a carabiner to the ropes end for more strength to carry even extra weight, and you can get the ropes to end to the ground. Try as much as possible not to use this method if the branch where you plan on installing your system has a tight union. This is a bad idea because your carabiner may get stuck in it, which will lead to complications you do not wish to experience.
Climbing a tree can be the most exhilarating activity you try, and to enjoy the most of it, you should be concerned about your safety and the state of the tree you want to climb. With these two concerns constantly guiding your choice, you should safely climb and explore any tree of your choice. Having the proper climbing equipment also plays a vital role in keeping you safe while you are aloft. With these tips, you should be able to create safe and strong rope systems.